The old mill in the hamlet of Horeb near Five Roads, Llanelli, has been proposed as a building to receive the prestigious award of a Blue Plaque. Horeb Mill has been preserved for posterity by its owner, Mr Mark Evans, who has spent a considerable amount of his time and resources on saving the building from complete ruin and destruction.A search of an old tramway construction plan, now in the Carmarthenshire Archives, does not reveal any mill in the area of Horeb before the date of 1801[1]. However it can be seen in a later plan of the district published in 1813 [2] and marked as Felin Newydd alongside a place known as Gellihir.

By about the mid 19th century, the mill appears in the Stepney Estate Map Book as Melin Newydd, adjacent to Gelli Hir and down river from other mills called Melin Rafa and Cwm Felin in the place then known as Greenhill. Following the building of Horeb Chapel in 1832, the hamlet then took on the biblical name of Horeb.

Apart from a stoppage during the First World War, the mill appears to have operated until about 1935 according to Mr Graham Jones, who as a young boy of four or five regularly visited the mill with his father.[4]

I remember the mill wheel turning and seeing Mr Philpot himself [the last miller], or someone working for him, climbing up the mill ladder carrying a heavy sack. My father, Brynmor, would remark on how strong Mr Philpot was in carrying the heavy sacks.
Mr Graham Jones was born at Horeb in 1930. His father and grandfather both worked at a nearby smithy that stood almost opposite the mill which closed in 1946.

The mill operated between  about 1813 to 1935, several years after the other mill on the river Lliedi at Felinfoel.[3]



Notes and Citations
[1] Plan of The Intended Railway/Tram Road from Llanelly Flats to Castellycarreg Rock 1801 (The Cararthenshire Tramway or Railway) Carmarthenshire Archives.
[2]1813 Early OS Draft Survey. Llanelli Public Library copy
[3]Following the construction of the Cwm Lliedi reservoir (Swiss Valley) in 1878, the flow of the river Lliedi had been so severely diminished that, by 1902, a gas engine had been installed in Felinfoel Mill to drive its machinery. In 1973 the mill that gave the village its name was demolished.
[4] Graham Jones was interviewed by LCH Membership Secretary Jane Carter

LCH0207
Ref. also LCH0086 Horeb Mill